Allowance: The deduction in the weight a horse must carry. This can be a result of the age or the gender of the horse or the type of jockey (amateur).
Banker: A supposedly certain bet.
Blinkers: A type of headgear fitted to a horse that limits its field of vision, mainly from each side. Blinkers are designed to help horses concentrate in races.
Boxed In: When a horse cannot obtain a clear run during a race due to other horses being in close proximity.
Bridle: A piece of tack that fits over a horse’s head and to which the bit and reins are attached.
Bumper: Also known as a National Hunt Flat race, and usually run over two miles without any obstacles. Commonly used as a way to give horses race experience before tackling hurdles and fences
Chase/ Steeplechase: A race run over fences which are the larger obstacles as opposed to hurdles which are smaller
Colt: An uncastrated male horse aged four years old or younger. A colt older than four is referred to as an entire or horse (if still racing) or stallion (if at stud).
Dam: Mother of a horse
Draw: A term in Flat racing denoting a horse’s position in the starting stalls.
Filly: A female horse aged four or younger.
Flat: Racing with no fences or hurdles to be jumped.
Form: A horse’s race record which is denoted by figures next to its name in a racecard. The form may also include some letters, for example F denoting a fall.
Furlong: An imperial unit of distance measurement in horseracing. A furlong is an eighth of a mile or a little more than 201 metres. There are 8 furlongs in a mile.
Gelding: A horse who has been castrated, often to improve its temperament.
Hacked Up: A phrase used to describe a horse who has won comfortably.
Handicap: A type of race in which horses carry different weights depending on their overall rating, which is determined by the handicapper.
Hurdles: The obstacles jumped during a hurdle race. They are smaller than fences and therefore take less jumping. Sometimes referred to as flights.
Juvenile: A two-year-old horse.
Listed race: A race type one step below Grade 3/Group 3 contests
Maiden: A horse who has yet to win a race
Mare: A female horse aged five or older.
National Hunt: Known as jumps racing. One of two racing codes, the other being Flat. National Hunt racing is best known in Britain and Ireland.
Novice: A race for horses who are in their first season in that code of racing.
Off The Bridle: A term to describe a horse not travelling well.
On the Bridle: A term to describe a horse travelling well.
Outsider: A horse whose chance of winning is considered unlikely by the market.
Parade Ring: The area of a racecourse where horses are paraded before each race.
Pulled Up: A horse who is brought to a halt during a race by its jockey.
Silks: An owners colours. All owners have different colours.
Sire: Father of a horse
Sprinter: A horse who competes in races run over a short distance, usually over six furlongs or less.
Stalls: The box from which horses begin Flat races.
Stewards Enquiry: An inquiry held at the racecourse on a raceday after any given race. The panel is advised by the stewards.
Turn of Foot: A term to describe marked exceleration during a race.
Under Starters Orders: Before a race, the starter brings the field of horses into order to prepare them for the start of the race.
Undulating: A track that does not have a flat terrain. Gowran Park is often referred to as an undulating track
Weighed In: very horse in a race has to carry a certain amount of weight. To ensure it does, all jockeys must weight out both before and after a race. The ‘weighed in’ announcement made after the race means the result stands.